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Adoption of maize production technologies in Southern Tanzania

Author: Katinila, N.
Author: Verkuijl, H.
Author: Mwangi, W.M.
Author: Anandajayasekeram, P.
Author: Moshi, A.J.
Year: 1998
ISBN: 970-648-017-X
Descriptors: Prices
Descriptors: Plant breeding
Descriptors: Disease control
Descriptors: Input output analysis
Descriptors: Production factors
Descriptors: Pest resistance
Descriptors: Maize
Descriptors: Plant production
Descriptors: Pest control
Descriptors: Seed production
Descriptors: Land use
Descriptors: Small farms
Descriptors: Production economics
Descriptors: Crop management
Descriptors: Diffusion of research
Descriptors: Socioeconomic environment
Descriptors: Economic viability
Descriptors: Seed industry
Descriptors: Cultivation
Descriptors: Environments
Descriptors: Plant water relations
Descriptors: Credit policies
Descriptors: Demography
Descriptors: Zea mays
Descriptors: Marketing policies
Descriptors: Varieties
Descriptors: Extension activities
Descriptors: Research projects
Descriptors: Cropping patterns
Descriptors: Cropping systems
Descriptors: Drought resistance
Descriptors: Development policies
Descriptors: Shelling
Descriptors: Innovation adoption
Descriptors: Technology transfer
Descriptors: Land resources
Descriptors: Highlands
Descriptors: Fertilizer application
Descriptors: Lowland
Descriptors: Mechanization
Descriptors: Inorganic fertilizers
Descriptors: Economic analysis
Abstract: This report of the adoption of maize production technologies in Southern Tanzania forms part of a larger study to evaluate the impact of maize research and extension throughout Tanzania over the past 20 years. Using a structured questionnaire, researchers and extension officers interviewed farmers in June-November 1995. Maize is the major food and cash crop in the study area. Farmers have easily adopted improved maize technologies that required little cash (row planting, weeding), but only a few farmers had adopted the more costly technologies such as fertilizer, herbicide, and disease control measures. Additional efforts by research and extension are important for increasing the adoption of improved maize technologies. Research should give high priority to developing varieties that yield well, tolerate drought stress, and resist field pests. More research should be conducted on soil fertility and conservation practices, because the use chemical fertilizer is likely to remain low in the foreseeable future. Many respondents in the sample were unaware of improved maize technologies, especially the use of fertilizers, use of ox-drawn implements, herbicide use, and disease control measures. Farmers' low rate of contact with the extension service and agricultural research may be a constraint on the use of these technologies. Communication between farmers, research, and extension could be improved through on-farm trials and field days. Poor infrastructure and untimely delivery of inputs were also important constraints on the adoption of improved maize technologies in Southern Tanzania. Policy makers should support the promotion of an efficient affecting system (especially rural access roads) for outputs and inputs. Such a system would offer higher maize prices to farmers and reduce the cost of fertilizers. Also, studies on the economics of fertilizer use should be undertaken, especially now that input and output markets have been liberalized. Formal credit is not available to farmers, although providing credit to farmers becomes increasingly important with rising input prices. the formal credit system needs to address the credit problems faced by small-scale farmers, especially their lack of knowledge (information) of formal credit systems.
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Publisher: United Republic of Tanzania
Publisher: SACCAR
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country focus: Tanzania
Region: Eastern Africa
Place of Publication: Mexico, DF (Mexico)
Pages: 20 pags

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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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