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Adoption, management, and impact of hybrid maize seed in India

Author: Singh, R.P.
Author: Morris, M.L.
Year: 1997
ISSN: 0258-8587
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/953
Descriptors: Crop management
Descriptors: Cropping patterns
Descriptors: Economic analysis
Descriptors: Maize
Descriptors: Varieties
Abstract: This paper presents results of a 1995 survey of 864 maize-growing households in six states that account for more than 70% of India's maize area: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. The current adoption of improved open-pollinated maize varieties (OPV) and hybrids is quantified, the relationship between adoption of improved germplasm and use of improved crop management practices is examinated, the economic impacts of adoption are estimated, farmers' seed procurement and management practices are described, and implications for maize research and development policy are discussed. On the whole, the survey results confirm that India's national maize seed industry is expanding rapidly. Since seed policy reforms were introduced in the late 1980s, the area planted to improved OPVs and hybrids has grown rapidly, and adoption of improved germplasm has fueled important changes in farmers' crop management practices. However, special policy measures may be needed to ensure that the benefits of improved germplasm are widely shared, such as the introduction of targeted input subsidies designed to reduce the cost of adopting improved seed and complementary inputs, government investment in irrigation infrastructure to reduce production risk in drought-prone environments, and market developmet initiatives to provide small-scale producers with access to stable and reliable outlets where they can sell surplus grain.
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country: India
Region: South Asia
Place: Mexico
Pages: viii, 30 pages
Serie number: 97-06


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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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