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Gains in maize genetic improvement in Eastern and Southern Africa : I. CIMMYT hybrid breeding pipeline
Monitoring of genetic gain in crop genetic improvement programs is necessary to measure the efficiency of the program. Periodic measurement of genetic gain also allows the efficiency of new technologies incorporated into ...
Crops that feed the world 6. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by maize in global food security
Maize is one of the most important food crops in the world and, together with rice and wheat, provides at least 30% of the food calories to more than 4.5 billion people in 94 developing countries. In parts of Africa and ...
Characterization of maize germplasm grown in Eastern and Southern Africa : results of the 2004 regional trials coordinated by CIMMYT
The Summary Tables present grain yields averaged across sites with significant differences between entries, for each of the five to six environments. Data on agronomic performance such as anthesis date, plant and ear height, ...
Climate change and food security in the developing world: Potential of maize and wheat research to expand options for adaptation and mitigation
Maize and wheat are two of the most important food crops worldwide. Together with rice, they provide 30% of the food calories to 4.5 billion people in almost 100 developing countries. Predictions suggest that climate change ...
QTL mapping in three tropical maize populations reveals a set of constitutive and adaptive genomic regions for drought tolerance
Despite numerous published reports of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for drought-related traits, practical applications of such QTL in maize improvement are scarce. Identifying QTL of sizeable effects that express more or ...
Doubled haploids in tropical maize: I. Effects of inducers and source germplasm on in vivo haploid induction rates
The adoption of the doubled haploid (DH) technology in tropical maize (Zea mays L.) breeding programs is lagging behind that of temperate programs due to a lack of tropical haploid inducers and reliable information on the ...
Molecular Characterization of a Diverse Maize Inbred Line Collection and its Potential Utilization for Stress Tolerance Improvement
A diverse collection of 359 advanced maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) breeding programs for ...
Improving maize grain yield under drought stress and non-stress environments in Sub-Saharan Africa using marker-assisted recurrent selection
In marker-assisted recurrent selection (MARS), a subset of molecular markers significantly associated with target traits of interest are used to predict the breeding value of individual plants, followed by rapid recombination ...
The metal silo: An effective grain storage technology for reducing post-harvest insect and pathogen losses in maize while improving smallholder farmers' food security in developing countries
Traditional storage practices in developing countries cannot guarantee protection against major storage pests of staple food crops like maize, leading to 20?30% grain losses, particularly due to post-harvest insect pests ...