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Simple sequence repeats markers for grain filling traits and yield components in tropical maize

Author: Gasura, E.
Author: Setimela, P.S.
Author: Edema, R.
Author: Gibson, P.T.
Author: Okori, P.
Year: 2013
Abstract: Probiotics has gained momentum only recently with considerable and significant advances in functional and health food market across the world. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on Evaluation of Health and Nutritional Properties of Probiotics in Food held in Cordoba, Argentina from 1-4 October, 2001 recognized the need for guidelines to set out a systematic approach for the evaluation of probiotics in food leading to the substantiation of health claims. The Global Standards for Evaluation of Probiotics are : identification of the genus and species of the probiotic strain, in vitro testing to delineate the mechanism of the probiotic effect and substantiation of the clinical health benefit of probiotic agents with human trials. In the EU there is no legal definition of the term probiotic, no specific legislation governing them, but there are regulations which lay down some general principles and requirements of EU food law. In the U.S the use of probiotics in products can result in several regulatory categories. In Japan reference for legislation on the subject of functional foods is made to the Japanese system of Foods for Specified Health Use (FOSHU).The main purposes of the Codex Alimentarius Commission are protecting health of the consumers, ensuring fair trade practices in the food trade, and promoting coordination of all food standards work undertaken by international governmental and nongovernmental organizations. The Indian Council of Medical Research, along with the Department of Biotechnology of the Ministry of Science and Technology have proposed ?Guidelines for Evaluation of Probiotics in Food in India?, which articulates the base for the law to govern probiotics. Multinational companies have found the Indian market very challenging in the past owing to supply shortages, poor cold chain, storage facilities, poor infrastructure, and underdeveloped and complicated distribution channels. There are many aspects pertaining to the regulation of functional foods, such as probiotic. The regulatory framework to be established should include issues related to probiotics, such as efficacy, safety, labeling, fraud and claims.
Abstract: Grain yield of early maize could be improved by increasing grain filling rate (GFR) and Lengthening effective grain filling duration (EGFD). However, EGFD and GFR are difficult to measure due to the complex repeated destructive sampling. A total of 28 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were used to screen 184 testcross families derived from selfing a bi-parental cross (VL08526 × VL058014) between CIMMYT inbred line parents with contrasting grain filling traits and test-crossed with a CIMMYT inbred line tester (CML 491) with medium GFR and medium EGFD. The testcross families were evaluated for grain yield, GFR, EGFD, kernels per row (KR) and kernel rows per ear (RC). Single marker analyses using regression analyses approach showed that five markers located on chromosome 1, 3, 5 and 10 had associations with EGFD, KR and RC (R2 >12%). Marker phi063 was associated with EGFD, KR and RC while marker phi102228 was associated with both KR and RC. Marker phi308707 was associated with KR while marker phi331888 was associated with RC. GY was correlated to EGFD, KR and RC and therefore markers for EGFD, KR and RC could be used for indirect selection for yield.
Language: English
Publisher: Universitas Diponegoro
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Pages: 25-29
Journal issue: 2
Journal: Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Journal volume: 1
Keywords: SSR markers
Keywords: effective grain filling duration
Keywords: marker-trait regression
Keywords: Grain yield
Keywords: Maize
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Audicence: Researchers

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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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