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Low-nitrogen stress tolerance and nitrogen agronomic efficiency among maize inbreds : comparison of multiple indices and evaluation of genetic variation

Author: Yongshen Wu
Author: Wenguo Liu
Author: Xinhai Li
Author: Mingshun Li
Author: Degui Zhang
Author: Zhuanfang Hao
Author: Jianfeng Weng
Author: Yunbi Xu
Author: Li Bai
Author: Shihuang Zhang
Author: Chuanxiao Xie
Year: 2011
ISSN: 0014-2336
Abstract: Limited information is available on genetic variation in low-nitrogen (low-N) stress tolerance and N-use efficiency (NUE) among maize inbreds. To unveil this information, a panel of 189 diverse maize inbred lines was evaluated under contrasting levels of N availability over 2 years. Low-N agronomic efficiency (LNAE), absolute grain yield (GY) at low-N conditions, and the ratio between GY at low-N and optimum-N conditions were taken into account to represent low-N tolerance. Additionally, N-agronomic efficiency (NAE) along with other agronomic traits was also analyzed. Analysis of variance revealed significant effects of genotype on LNAE, NAE, and GY. The estimated broad-sense heritability was 0.38 for LNAE while it was only 0.11 for NAE, implying that selection based on LNAE should be more effective than NAE. LNAE exhibited highly positive genotypic and phenotypic correlations with GY, ear kernel number (EKN), kernel weight, plant height (PH), and chlorophyll content at low-N conditions, while it was negatively correlated with grain-N content and anthesis-silking interval. Path analysis indicated that the EKN at low-N stress had the highest positive effects on LNAE.
Language: English
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Type: Article
Region: Global
Pages: 281-290
Journal issue: 2
Journal: Euphytica
Journal volume: 180
DOI: 10.1007/s10681-011-0409-y
Keywords: Genetic variation
Keywords: Low-N stress tolerance
Keywords: N-agronomic efficiency
Keywords: N-use efficiency
Keywords: Maize

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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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