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Low-nitrogen stress tolerance and nitrogen agronomic efficiency among maize inbreds: comparison of multiple indices and evaluation of genetic variation

Autor: Yongshen Wu
Autor: Wenguo Liu
Autor: Xinhai Li
Autor: Mingshun Li
Autor: Degui Zhang
Autor: Zhuanfang Hao
Autor: Jianfeng Weng
Autor: Yunbi Xu
Autor: Li Bai
Autor: Shihuang Zhang
Autor: Chuanxiao Xie
Año: 2011
ISSN: 0014-2336
Resumen: Limited information is available on genetic variation in low-nitrogen (low-N) stress tolerance and N-use efficiency (NUE) among maize inbreds. To unveil this information, a panel of 189 diverse maize inbred lines was evaluated under contrasting levels of N availability over 2 years. Low-N agronomic efficiency (LNAE), absolute grain yield (GY) at low-N conditions, and the ratio between GY at low-N and optimum-N conditions were taken into account to represent low-N tolerance. Additionally, N-agronomic efficiency (NAE) along with other agronomic traits was also analyzed. Analysis of variance revealed significant effects of genotype on LNAE, NAE, and GY. The estimated broad-sense heritability was 0.38 for LNAE while it was only 0.11 for NAE, implying that selection based on LNAE should be more effective than NAE. LNAE exhibited highly positive genotypic and phenotypic correlations with GY, ear kernel number (EKN), kernel weight, plant height (PH), and chlorophyll content at low-N conditions, while it was negatively correlated with grain-N content and anthesis-silking interval. Path analysis indicated that the EKN at low-N stress had the highest positive effects on LNAE.
Lenguaje: English
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Tipo: Article
Región: Global
Paginas: 281-290
No de Revista: 2
Revista: Euphytica
Volumen de la Revista: 180
DOI: 10.1007/s10681-011-0409-y
Palabras Claves: Genetic variation
Palabras Claves: Low-N stress tolerance
Palabras Claves: N-agronomic efficiency
Palabras Claves: N-use efficiency
Palabras Claves: Maize

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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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