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Lessons learnt from forty years of international spring bread wheat trials

Author: Trethowan R.M.
Author: Crossa, J.
Year: 2007
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2580
Abstract: Yield potential is the maximum attainable yield within the limits imposed by the production environment. Better understanding of these constraints and the underlying causes of genotype × environment interaction will improve productivity regionally and globally. For 40 years, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) has distributed wheat yield trials, and collaborators from across the world have provided yield, disease, and agronomic data. Various analyzes of these data have been conducted over the years to assess the effectiveness of CIMMYT’s Mexican based breeding program, and to identify key selection environments and genotypes with broad adaptation. Analysis of these data confirmed the value of shuttle breeding in Mexico. Well-watered and terminal heat stress selection environments generated in Mexico associate well with their global target areas. Germplasm targeting dry areas is selected and screened for drought tolerance in Mexico using limited irrigation. This type of screening correlated well with environments in South Asia, but less so with sites in West Asia and South America. On the basis of these findings, drought screening in Mexico has been modified to better reflect a wider array of drier environments. In contrast, CIMMYT’s high rainfall environment at Toluca, the other arm of the Mexico-based shuttle, was found to be a poor predictor of global high rainfall areas. The analysis of these data led to the identification of key locations in countries outside Mexico. Integrating information from these sites with that obtained in Mexico has helped improve the efficiency of CIMMYT’s global wheat breeding effort.
Language: English
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Region: Global
Pages: 385-390
Journal issue: 3
Journal: Euphytica
Journal volume: 157
Keywords: Genotype x environment interaction
Keywords: Pattern analysis
Keywords: shifted multiplicative model
Keywords: Wheat breeding
Keywords: yield potential


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  • Genetic Resources
    Genetic Resources including germplasm collections, wild relatives, genotyping, genomics, and IP
  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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