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Agricultural technology, crop income, and poverty alleviation in Uganda

Author: Kassie, M.
Author: Shiferaw, B.
Author: Muricho, G.
Year: 2011
ISSN: 0305-750X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2217
Abstract: This paper evaluates the ex post impact of adopting improved groundnut varieties on crop income and poverty in rural Uganda. The study utilizes cross-sectional data of 927 households, collected in 2006, from seven districts in Uganda. Using propensity score matching methods, we find that adopting improved groundnut varieties (technology) significantly increases crop income and reduces poverty. The positive and significant impact on crop income is consistent with the perceived role of new agricultural technologies in reducing rural poverty through increased farm household income. This study supports broader investment in agriculture research to address vital development challenges. Reaching the poor with better technologies however requires policy support for improving extension efforts, access to seeds and market outlets that simulate adoption.
Language: English
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Country: Uganda
Region: Eastern Africa
Pages: 1784-1795
Journal issue: 10
Journal: World Development
Journal volume: 39
DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.04.023
Keywords: technology adoption
Keywords: Poverty reduction
Keywords: Impact assessment
Keywords: Propensity Score Matching
Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa
Keywords: Uganda


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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