Show simple item record

The metal silo: An effective grain storage technology for reducing post-harvest insect and pathogen losses in maize while improving smallholder farmers' food security in developing countries

Author: Tadele Tefera
Author: Kanampiu, F.K.
Author: De Groote, H.
Author: Hellin, J.
Author: Mugo, S.
Author: Kimenju, S.
Author: Beyene, Y.
Author: Prasanna, B.M.
Author: Shiferaw, B.
Author: Banziger, M.
Year: 2011
ISSN: 0261-2194
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2198
Abstract: Traditional storage practices in developing countries cannot guarantee protection against major storage pests of staple food crops like maize, leading to 20?30% grain losses, particularly due to post-harvest insect pests and grain pathogens. As a result, smallholder farmers end up selling their grain soon after harvest, only to buy it back at an expensive price just a few months after harvest, falling in a poverty trap. The potential impact on poverty reduction and greater livelihood security will not be realized, however, if farmers are unable to store grains and sell surplus production at attractive prices. Apart from causing quantitative losses, pests in stored grain are also linked to aflatoxin contamination and poisoning. To address this problem, a metal silo was developed as a valid option and proven effective in protecting stored grains from attack by storage insect pests. A metal silo is a cylindrical structure, constructed from a galvanized iron sheet and hermetically sealed, killing any insect pests that may be present. The impact of metal silo technology in Africa, Asia and Latin America includes, improving food security, empowering smallholder farmers, enhancing income opportunities and job creation, and safeguarding the agro-ecosystems. The metal silo can be fabricated in different sizes, 100 kg?3000 kg holding capacity by trained local artisans, with the corresponding prices of $35 to $375. The use of metal silo, therefore, should be encouraged in order to prevent storage losses and enhance food security in developing countries.
Language: English
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Region: Global
Pages: 240-245
Journal issue: 3
Journal: Crop Protection
Journal volume: 30
DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2010.11.015
Keywords: Food security
Keywords: Insect pests
Keywords: Maize storage
Keywords: Metal silo
Keywords: Post-harvest losses


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

Show simple item record