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The metal silo: An effective grain storage technology for reducing post-harvest insect and pathogen losses in maize while improving smallholder farmers' food security in developing countries

Autor: Tadele Tefera
Autor: Kanampiu, F.K.
Autor: De Groote, H.
Autor: Hellin, J.
Autor: Mugo, S.
Autor: Kimenju, S.
Autor: Beyene, Y.
Autor: Prasanna, B.M.
Autor: Shiferaw, B.
Autor: Banziger, M.
Año: 2011
ISSN: 0261-2194
Resumen: Traditional storage practices in developing countries cannot guarantee protection against major storage pests of staple food crops like maize, leading to 20?30% grain losses, particularly due to post-harvest insect pests and grain pathogens. As a result, smallholder farmers end up selling their grain soon after harvest, only to buy it back at an expensive price just a few months after harvest, falling in a poverty trap. The potential impact on poverty reduction and greater livelihood security will not be realized, however, if farmers are unable to store grains and sell surplus production at attractive prices. Apart from causing quantitative losses, pests in stored grain are also linked to aflatoxin contamination and poisoning. To address this problem, a metal silo was developed as a valid option and proven effective in protecting stored grains from attack by storage insect pests. A metal silo is a cylindrical structure, constructed from a galvanized iron sheet and hermetically sealed, killing any insect pests that may be present. The impact of metal silo technology in Africa, Asia and Latin America includes, improving food security, empowering smallholder farmers, enhancing income opportunities and job creation, and safeguarding the agro-ecosystems. The metal silo can be fabricated in different sizes, 100 kg?3000 kg holding capacity by trained local artisans, with the corresponding prices of $35 to $375. The use of metal silo, therefore, should be encouraged in order to prevent storage losses and enhance food security in developing countries.
Lenguaje: English
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Tipo: Article
Región: Global
Paginas: 240-245
No de Revista: 3
Revista: Crop Protection
Volumen de la Revista: 30
DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2010.11.015
Palabras Claves: Food security
Palabras Claves: Insect pests
Palabras Claves: Maize storage
Palabras Claves: Metal silo
Palabras Claves: Post-harvest losses

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Este ítem aparece en la(s) siguiente(s) colección(ones)

  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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