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Farmer organization, collective action and market access in Meso-America

Autor: Hellin, J.
Autor: Lundy, M.
Autor: Meijer, M.
Año: 2009
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2161
Resumen: Farmer organization and collective action are often seen as key factors in enhancing farmers' access to markets. Often, too little attention is directed at (a) the most appropriate types of organization; (b) whether organization makes less or more sense in the case of producers of an undifferentiated commodity or a higher value product; (c) whether the public or private sector is best placed to support farmer organizations; and (d) the conditions necessary for ensuring their economic viability. Research in Mexico and Central America explored these issues for commodity maize and high value vegetables, respectively. The benefits of farmer organization are more evident in the vegetable sector, characterized by high transaction costs associated with market access. However, horticultural farmer organizations in Honduras and El Salvador include less than 5% of total horticultural producers. This is possibly due to farmer organizations? limited business skills and non-replicable organizational models. There is less incentive for maize farmers to organize to access output markets as the transaction costs are relatively low. The benefits of maize farmer organization are clearer when it comes to accessing inputs such as credit, seed and fertilizer. Farmer organization is a critical factor in making markets work for the poor, but the role and timing of public and private investment in these organizations is poorly understood.
Lenguaje: English
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the sutable license for that purpose.
Tipo: Article
Región: Central America
Paginas: 16-22
No de Revista: 1
Revista: Food Policy
Volumen de la Revista: 34
DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2008.10.003


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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