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Trade-offs between agricultural production, GHG emissions and income in a changing climate, technology, and food demand scenario

Creator: Shirsath, P.
Creator: Aggarwal, P.K.
Year: 2021
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/21530
Language: English
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Basel (Switzerland)
Issue: 6
Volume: 13
DOI: 10.3390/su13063190
Keywords: Trade-Offs
Keywords: Adaptation
Description: Climate-smart agriculture targets integrated adaptation and mitigation strategies for delivering food security and greenhouse gas emissions reduction. This study outlines a methodology to identify the trade-offs between food production, emissions, and income under technology and food demand-shift scenario and climate change. The methodology uses Climate Smart Agricultural Prioritization (CSAP) toolkit a multi-objective land-use allocation model, and detailed databases, characterizing the agricultural production processes at the land-unit scale. A case study has also been demonstrated for Bihar, a state in India. The quantification of trade-offs demonstrates that under different technology growth pathways alone the food self-sufficiency for Bihar cannot be achieved whilst the reduction in emission intensity targets are achievable up to 2040. However, both food self-sufficiency and reduction in emission intensity can be achieved if we relax constraints on dietary demand and focus on kilo-calories maximization targets. The district-level analysis shows that food self-sufficiency and reduction in emission intensity targets can be achieved at a local scale through efficient crop-technology portfolios.
Agrovoc: CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
Agrovoc: CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
Agrovoc: PRIORITIZATION
Agrovoc: CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE
Agrovoc: OPTIMIZATION METHODS
ISSN: 2071-1050
Journal: Sustainability
Article number: 3190


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  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

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