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Environmental consequences of agricultural commercialization in Asia

Autor: Pingali, P.
Año: 2001
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2077
Resumen: Agroindustrialization and agricultural commercialization are both consequences of economic growth and urbanization. Commercialization of agricultural systems leads to greater market orientation; progressive substitution out of non-traded inputs for purchased inputs; and the decline of integrated farming systems. Agricultural commercialization can have both negative and positive impacts on the natural resource base. Higher opportunity cost of labor increases farmer reliance on herbicides for weed control, primarily for the staple crops. The use of insecticides and fungicides could also rise, especially for high value fruit and vegetable crops. Increased use of agricultural chemicals could lead to higher environmental and human health risks. On the other hand, global integration and the consequent rationalization of agricultural policies could have significant environmental benefits, especially in terms of a reduced rate of salinity build up and ground water depletion in irrigated environments. The extent to which positive environmental effects manifest themselves depends on both macroeconomic and microeconomic policy reforms.
Lenguaje: English
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Tipo: Article
Región: West Asia
Región: South Asia
Región: Southeast Asia
Región: East Asia
Región: Central Asia
Paginas: 483-502
Revista: Environment and Development Economics
Volumen de la Revista: 6
Palabras Claves: Agro industry
Palabras Claves: Agricultural chemicals
Palabras Claves: Agricultural economics
Palabras Claves: Agricultural policies
Palabras Claves: Market information
Palabras Claves: Purchasing
Palabras Claves: Farming systems
Palabras Claves: Herbicides
Palabras Claves: Weed control
Palabras Claves: Crops
Palabras Claves: Livestock
Palabras Claves: Asia
URI del Editor : http://bit.ly/16NjaLQ


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    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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