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Environmental consequences of agricultural commercialization in Asia

Author: Pingali, P.
Year: 2001
Abstract: Agroindustrialization and agricultural commercialization are both consequences of economic growth and urbanization. Commercialization of agricultural systems leads to greater market orientation; progressive substitution out of non-traded inputs for purchased inputs; and the decline of integrated farming systems. Agricultural commercialization can have both negative and positive impacts on the natural resource base. Higher opportunity cost of labor increases farmer reliance on herbicides for weed control, primarily for the staple crops. The use of insecticides and fungicides could also rise, especially for high value fruit and vegetable crops. Increased use of agricultural chemicals could lead to higher environmental and human health risks. On the other hand, global integration and the consequent rationalization of agricultural policies could have significant environmental benefits, especially in terms of a reduced rate of salinity build up and ground water depletion in irrigated environments. The extent to which positive environmental effects manifest themselves depends on both macroeconomic and microeconomic policy reforms.
Language: English
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Type: Article
Region: West Asia
Region: South Asia
Region: Southeast Asia
Region: East Asia
Region: Central Asia
Pages: 483-502
Journal: Environment and Development Economics
Journal volume: 6
Keywords: Agro industry
Keywords: Agricultural chemicals
Keywords: Agricultural economics
Keywords: Agricultural policies
Keywords: Market information
Keywords: Purchasing
Keywords: Farming systems
Keywords: Herbicides
Keywords: Weed control
Keywords: Crops
Keywords: Livestock
Keywords: Asia
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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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