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Economic benefits of blast-resistant biofortified wheat in Bangladesh: the case of BARI Gom 33

Author: Mottaleb, K.A.
Author: Velu, G.
Author: Singh, P.K.
Author: Sonder, K.
Author: He, Xinyao
Author: Singh, R.P.
Author: Joshi, A.K
Author: Barma, N.C.
Author: Kruseman, G.
Author: Erenstein, O.
Year: 2019
ISSN: 0261-2194
ISSN: ISSN: 0261-2194
Abstract: The first occurrence of wheat blast in 2016 threatened Bangladesh's already precarious food security situation. The Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), together with the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) developed and released the wheat variety BARI Gom 33 that is resistant to wheat blast and other common diseases. The new variety provides a 5–8% yield gain over the available popular varieties, as well as being zinc enriched. This study examines the potential economic benefits of BARI Gom 33 in Bangladesh. First, applying a climate analogue model, this study identified that more than 55% of the total wheat-growing area in Bangladesh (across 45 districts) is vulnerable to wheat blast. Second, applying an ex-ante impact assessment framework, this study shows that with an assumed cumulative adoption starting from 2019–20 and increasing to 30% by 2027–28, the potential economic benefits of the newly developed wheat variety far exceeds its dissemination cost by 2029–30. Even if dissemination of the new wheat variety is limited to only the ten currently blast-affected districts, the yearly average net benefits could amount to USD 0.23–1.6 million. Based on the findings, international funder agencies are urged to support the national system in scaling out the new wheat variety and wheat research in general to ensure overall food security in Bangladesh and South Asia.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the sutable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Haywards Heath (United Kingdom)
Pages: 45-58
Volume: 123
DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2019.05.013
Keywords: Adoption
Keywords: Biofortified
Keywords: Climate Analogue
Keywords: Ex-ante
Keywords: Net Benefit
Keywords: Vulnerable
Keywords: Wheat Blast
Keywords: Zinc Enriched
Country of Focus: BANGLADESH
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Agrovoc: ZINC
Related Datasets:
Journal: Crop Protection

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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS
  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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