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Gendered aspirations and occupations among rural youth, in agriculture and beyond: a cross-regional perspective

Author: Elias, M.
Author: Netsayi Mudege
Author: Lopez, D.E.
Author: Dina Najjar
Author: Kandiwa, V.
Author: Luis, J.
Author: Jummai Yila
Author: Amare Tegbaru
Author: Gaya Ibrahim
Author: Badstue, L.B.
Author: Njuguna-Mungai, E.
Author: Abderahim Bentaibi
Year: 2018
ISSN: 2413-922X
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/19632
Abstract: Based on 25 case studies from the global comparative study ‘GENNOVATE: Enabling gender equality in agricultural and environmental innovation’, this paper explores rural young women’s and men’s occupational aspirations and trajectories in India, Mali, Malawi, Morocco, Mexico, Nigeria, and the Philippines. We draw upon qualitative data from 50 sex-segregated focus groups with the youth to show that across the study’s regional contexts, young rural women and men predominantly aspire for formal blue and white-collar jobs. Yet, they experience an aspiration- achievement gap, as the promise of their education for securing the formal employment they seek is unfulfilled, and they continue to farm in their family’s production. Whereas some young men aspired to engage in knowledge-intensive or ‘modern’ agriculture, young women did not express any such interest. Framing our analysis within a relational approach, we contend that various gender norms that discriminate against women in agriculture dissuade young women from aspiring for agriculture-related occupation. We discuss the gendered opportunity spaces of the study sites, the meanings these hold for allowing young women and men to achieve their aspirations and catalyze agricultural innovation, and implications for agricultural policies and research for development. Our findings show that youth and gender issues are inextricably intertwined and cannot be understood in isolation one from the other.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Nairobi, Kenya
Pages: 82-107
Issue: 1
Volume: 3
DOI: 10.19268/JGAFS.312018.4
Keywords: Gender Norms
Keywords: Relational Approach
Keywords: Aspiration-Achievement Gap
Keywords: Intersectionality
Keywords: Masculinities
Keywords: Opportunity Structure
Country of Focus: INDIA
Country of Focus: MALI
Country of Focus: MALAWI
Country of Focus: MOROCCO
Country of Focus: MEXICO
Country of Focus: NIGERIA
Country of Focus: PHILIPPINES
Agrovoc: GENDER
Agrovoc: QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS
Agrovoc: EMPOWERMENT
Agrovoc: AGRICULTURE
Journal: Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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