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Rentabilidad del sistema de abonera en el Litoral Atlántico de Honduras

Author: Saín, G.
Author: Ponce, I.
Author: Borbon Castro, E.
Year: 1994
dc.identifier.other: http://www.mag.go.cr/rev_meso/v05n01_030.pdf
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/1417
Abstract: Rentabilidad del sistema de abonera en el Litoral Atlántico de Honduras. El Litoral Atlántico de Honduras se ha difundido un sistema de rotación de maíz con Mucuna s. p. conocido por los agricultores con el nombre de abonera. Debido a que poco se conoce sobre los factores que influyen en el proceso de adopción de esta práctica se planteó el presente estudio con el propósito de identificar estos factores, así como determinar la rentabilidad del sistema tanto en el corto como en el largo plazo y a la vez establecer los factores y mecanismos que afectan esta rentabilidad. El estudio se llevó a cabo en el departamento de Atlántida y comprende parte del municipio de La Ceiba y los municipios de Jutiapa, San Francisco y Tela. Para evaluar la rentabilidad se empleó como herramienta una expansión del análisis de presuppuesto parcial y análisis incremental para un periodo para tener un cuenta los efectos a través del tiempo. Para el análisis se tomó seis años como la vida media de la abonera. Al evaluar económicamente el sistema se encontró que el éste resulta más rentable que el tradicional a partir del segundo año en adelante. Si el criterio de rentabilidad es el retorno a la mano de obra familiar, el sistema de abonera también resulta más rentable a partir del segundo año y así permanece por todo el periodo.
Abstract: Profitability of a corn rotation system with Mucuna sp. in Honduras. A rotation system of corn (Zea mays L.) with Mucuna sp. has spread along the Atlantic Littoral of Honduras, known by the farmers as "abonera". Due that there is little known about the factors intluencing the adoption process, the present study was eondueted to identify them, as well as to determine the profitability of the system in the short and the long run and to set up the factors and mechanisms affecting this profitability. The study was conducted in the Department of Atlantida and comprises part of the Distric of La Ceiba and the Districs of Jutiapa, San Francisco and Tela. An expansion of the partial budget analysis and an incremental analysis for a period, in order to account for the effects along the time, were used as tools for evaluating its profitability. Six years were taken, for the analysis, as the average life span of the "abonera". It was found in the economical evaluation that the "abonera" is more profitable than the traditional system from the second year onwards. If the profitability approach is the return of the family hand labor, the "abonera" system is al so more profitable starting at the second year and remains so for the rest of the period.
Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad de Costa Rica
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Type: Article
Country: Honduras
Region: Central America
Pages: 30-49
Journal: Agronomia Mesoamericana
Journal volume: 5
Keywords: Zea mays
Keywords: Mucuna
Keywords: Rotational cropping
Keywords: Yield factors
Keywords: Profitability
Keywords: Farm size
Keywords: Honduras
Publisher URI: http://www.mag.go.cr/rev_meso/v05n01_030.pdf
Audicence: Researchers
Country of Focus: HONDURAS
Country of Focus: ATLANTIC
Country of Focus: LA CEIBA
Country of Focus: JUTIAPA


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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS
  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

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