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International wheat breeding research in Eastern and Southern Africa, 1966-97

Author: Heisey, P.W.
Author: Lantican, M.A.
Year: 2000
ISSN: 0258-8587
Abstract: This paper describes and analyzes some of the impacts of wheat improvement research in seven countries in the Eastern and Southern regions of Africa. the countries South Africa, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, and Zambia produce nearly 99% of all the wheat grown in the region and 97% of all the wheat grown in sub-Saharan Africa. The first section of the paper is a brief review of wheat production in the region, concentrating on production levels and growing environments. The second section analyzes the wheat improvement research effort. The third section looks at the pattern of release of wheat varieties over time, as well as the use of wheat germplasm from CIMMYT. The fourth section presents data about varieties that are currently grown in farmers' fields. The fifth section considers some of the organizational issues involved in making wheat breeding research more efficient. The paper concludes that many of the wheat improvement research programs in Eastern and Southern Africa have been successful. However, the small amount of wheat produced in many countries raises the question of whether the same results could have been obtained at lower cost through greater efficiencies in research organization and even greater reliance on research spill-ins.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country focus: Ethiopia
Country focus: Zambia
Country focus: Tanzania
Country focus: Zimbabwe
Country focus: Kenya
Country focus: Sudan
Region: Southern Africa
Region: Eastern Africa
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: 13 pages
Serie Number: 00-01
Agrovoc: WHEAT

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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS
  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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