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International collaboration in crop improvement research: current status and future prospects

Author: Traxler, G.
Author: Pingali, P.L.
Year: 1999
ISSN: 0258-8587
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/994
Abstract: Investments over the past 35 years have created s system of national and international research centers that has revolutionized the supply of improved cereal varieties to developing country farmers. The newly created scientific ability to exploit genetic resources has been the engine of productivity growth in much of world agriculture. But the success that has been attained in building research institutions has not touched all countries or farmers, nor can it be considered permanent. The financial and political environment of the past decade has halted the expansion of agricultural research capacity and the scarcity of research resources and evolving world intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes complicates the search for stable arrangements for cooperation. This paper examines the current structure and institutional capacity of the international crop breeding systems for rice and wheat. Discussions are presented within the context of a system composed of research functions spanning the basic to applied research spectrum. The model emphasizes that an efficient and stable international system may be comprised of many partner institutions, each with a limited breadth of research activities, particularly when research budgets are fixed or declining. The paper concludes with a review of some of the trends that will influence the future direction of research cooperation.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Region: Global
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: 16 pages
Serie Number: 99-11
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Agrovoc: TRITICUM
Agrovoc: RICE
Agrovoc: ORYZA SATIVA
Agrovoc: CROP PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: PLANT BREEDING
Agrovoc: BREEDERS RIGHTS
Agrovoc: RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS
Agrovoc: SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
Agrovoc: RESEARCH PROJECTS
Agrovoc: RESEARCH SUPPORT
Agrovoc: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
Agrovoc: TRENDS
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Agrovoc: TRITICUM
Agrovoc: RICE
Agrovoc: ORYZA SATIVA
Agrovoc: CROP PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: PLANT BREEDING
Agrovoc: BREEDERS RIGHTS
Agrovoc: RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS
Agrovoc: SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
Agrovoc: RESEARCH PROJECTS
Agrovoc: RESEARCH SUPPORT
Agrovoc: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
Agrovoc: TRENDS


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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