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Cereal crop productivity in developing countries: past trends and future prospects

Author: Pingali, P.L.
Author: Heisey, P.W.
Year: 1999
ISSN: 0258-8587
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/979
Abstract: This paper synthesizes the evidence on cereal crop poductivity in developing countries over the past 30 years and looks at future prospects for productivity in growth. For more than three decades we have witnessed the phenomenal growth of cereal crop productivity in the developing world. Termed the Green Revolution, the initial phase of this growth resulted from an increase in land productivity and ocurred in areas of growing land scarcity and/or areas with high land values. Significant investments in research and infrastructure development, especially irrigation, were the strategic components of this increased productivity. In the post-Green Revolution period, particularly in Asia, productivity growth has been sustained through increased input and, more recently, through more efficient use of inputs. Lately, however, indicators show a decrease in the growth rate of productivity of two of the three primary cereals, rice and wheat. The first two sections of this paper present trends on cereal crop productivity in developing countries over the last three decades. Supporting evidence includes yield and other partial factor productivity trends and a summary of studies on total factor productivity. The third section speculates on the prospects for the future growth.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Region: Global
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: 32 pages
Serie Number: 99-03
Agrovoc: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
Agrovoc: IRRIGATION
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: ON-FARM RESEARCH
Agrovoc: CROP PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: PRODUCTIVITY
Agrovoc: RESEARCH PROJECTS
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS
Agrovoc: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
Agrovoc: IRRIGATION
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: ON-FARM RESEARCH
Agrovoc: CROP PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: PRODUCTIVITY
Agrovoc: RESEARCH PROJECTS
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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