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Maize research, development, and seed production in India: contributions of the public and private sectors

Author: Singh, R.P.
Author: Pal, S.
Author: Morris, M.L.
Year: 1995
ISSN: 0258-8587
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/925
Abstract: This paper assesses the relative strengths and weaknesses of India's public and private maize seed industries and examines future options for maize seed industry policies. By 1992, nearly as many maize researchers worked for private seed companies as for public breeding programs – a significant departure from earlier years, when public organizations conducted virtually all maize research in India. Private companies have concentrated almost exclusively on developing hybrids, which perform best in the favorable environments where most commercial maize production takes place, whereas public breeding programs have produced a somewhat wider range of materials, including a number of open-pollinating varieties (OPVs) developed specifically for environments where maize production potential is low. Seed production in the public sector and especially in the private sector appears to be reasonably efficient, judging by the level of reported seed production costs. However, seed certification procedures are sometimes ineffective, and a significant proportion of the maize seed produced in India escapes rigorous quality controls. Growth in sales of proprietary hybrids produced by private companies has been much more rapid than growth in sales of public OPVs and hybrids, indicating that private companies deliver seed to farmers more effectively than public agencies. Government involvement in seed production and distribution seems destined to decrease, with responsibility for those functions gradually shifting to the private sector. Even so, private companies will require continuing support from the public sector. There will always be a need for the public sector to participate in the maize seed industry, particularly in supporting basic germplasm improvement research and research targeted at marginal production environments.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Working Paper
Country focus: India
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: x, 46 pages
Serie Number: 95-03
Country of Focus: India
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS
Agrovoc: SEED INDUSTRY
Agrovoc: SEED PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: PUBLIC INVESTMENT
Agrovoc: PRIVATE INVESTMENT
Agrovoc: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
Agrovoc: DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS
Agrovoc: SEED INDUSTRY
Agrovoc: SEED PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: PUBLIC INVESTMENT
Agrovoc: PRIVATE INVESTMENT
Agrovoc: ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
Agrovoc: DEVELOPMENT POLICIES


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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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