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Wheat farmers' seed management and varietal adoption in Kenya

Author: Gamba, P.
Author: Ngugi, C.
Author: Verkuijl, H.
Author: Mwangi, W.M.
Author: Kiriswa, F.
Year: 2002
ISBN: 970-648-098-6
Descriptors: Triticum
Descriptors: Management
Descriptors: Plant breeding
Descriptors: Research institutions
Descriptors: Food consumption
Descriptors: Varieties
Descriptors: Breeding methods
Descriptors: Seeds
Descriptors: Innovation adoption
Descriptors: Livestock
Abstract: Wheat is the second most important crop in Kenya after maize and is becoming an important source of food both for humans and livestock. Despite increasing wheat production, only 50% of domestic consumption requirements are being met. While the National Plant Breeding Research Centre at the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute has released more than 100 wheat varieties since it began operations in 1927, adoption has been slow in spite of better performance of new varieties. This study examined factors that influence farmers’ adoption of new varieties in the Narok, Nakuru, and Uasin Gishu Districts that account for 80% of Kenya’s domestic wheat production. The study found that most farmers in these Districts neither knew nor grew new wheat varieties, reflecting lack of seed and knowledge of these new varieties. Wheat varieties were also often not adopted in agroecological zones for which they were targeted. This should be an issue of concern to wheat breeders since varieties are currently bred specifically for agroecological zones. The main sources of wheat seed (old and new) for both smallscale and largescale farmers were other farmers. The adoption of new wheat varieties was significantly higher among largescale farmers in the high potential zone in Uasin Gishu District than among smallscale farmers in the low potential zone in Nakuru and Narok Districts. The logit model showed that experience in wheat farming had a positive impact on adoption of new wheat varieties. These factors will need to be taken into account by researchers, extension specialists, and policy makers.
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Publisher: Egerton University
Publisher: KARI
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country: Kenya
Region: Eastern Africa
Place: Mexico
Pages: 14 pages

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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS
  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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