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Dryland wheat in India: the impact of technical change and future research challenges

Author: Byerlee, D.
Year: 1992
ISSN: 0258-8587
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/887
Abstract: This study focuses on the dryland wheat areas of central and southern India (over half of India's total rainfed wheat area), where wheat is produced on deep vertisols in a fallow wheat system depending heavily on the conservation of monsoon rainfall. Although wheat yields have increased more slowly in dryland areas than irrigated areas, perhaps half of the dryland wheat area is planted to improved varieties (mostly tall, many of them durum wheats) possessing superior drought tolerance, rust resistance, and high quality grain which fetches a price premium. Fertilizer use remains low. Research resources appear to have been allocated to dryland wheat in accordance with its relative importance in total production, but the declining importance of dry land wheat may suggest that less priority be given to wheat research in this environment in the future. However, the close association between the incidence of poverty and dependence on dry land agriculture may justify further research in dry land areas. Consideration should also be given to interactions between favored (irrigated) and marginal (dryland) areas occurring through food and labor markets. Finally, although progress in breeding research may be slow because of the difficulty of the target environment, progress in crop and resource management research may be more rapid. Developing better moisture conservation practices is clearly a research priority, given the limited groundwater supplies for irrigation.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country focus: India
Region: South Asia
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: viii, 54 pages
Serie Number: 92-5
Agrovoc: AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Agrovoc: FALLOW SYSTEMS
Agrovoc: FERTILIZERS
Agrovoc: FOOD PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Agrovoc: FALLOW SYSTEMS
Agrovoc: FERTILIZERS
Agrovoc: FOOD PRODUCTION


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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS
  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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