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Rainfed maize production in Mexico: trends, constraints, and technological and institutional challenges for researchers

Author: Hibon, A.
Author: Triomphe, B.
Author: Lopez Pereira, M.A.
Author: Sadia, I.
Year: 1992
ISSN: 0258-8587
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/884
Abstract: This paper reviews trends in rainfed maize production in Mexico over the past several decades, and the experience of lNIFAP/ CIMMYT/ CIRAD on-farm research (OFR) in Mexico's lowland tropics, to evaluate the prospects for increased maize production in rainfed regions. National production data show that rainfed maize area has remained stable since 1960 and has even decreased in the last decade; average yields have been leveling off since 1980 after strong gains in the 1970s. However, the rate of growth in maize yields necessary to meet the demand expected in the year 2000 (1.7% per year) far surpasses yield growth rates registered since 1980. Futhermore, prices of inputs and credit used for maize production are likely to be less favorable in the future than they were in the past, meaning that the area planted to maize and maize yields are likely to decline unless new technologies become available. Results of six years of OFR in Mexico's lowland tropics indicate that it is possible to generate economically viable technologies that would enable farmers to increase yields of rainfed maize. However, doing so on a wide scale implies a reorganization of the research agenda, an increased emphasis on farmer participatory research, and additional investment in agricultural research.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: CIMMYT Economics Working Paper
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country focus: Mexico
Region: North America
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: vii, 46 pages
Serie Number: 92-3
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS
Agrovoc: PRODUCTION FACTORS
Agrovoc: FOOD PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: RAINFED FARMING
Agrovoc: APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS
Agrovoc: PRODUCTION FACTORS
Agrovoc: FOOD PRODUCTION
Agrovoc: RAINFED FARMING
Agrovoc: APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY


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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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