Now showing items 1-10 of 15
Economic criteria for establishing plant breeding programs
A general model of annual costs and lagged annual returns from a plant breeding program is developed to estimate the threshold sizes of a crop industry at which different breeding programs could be economically justified, ...
Optimal search in ex situ collections of wheat genetic resources
This paper develops a theoretical model for analyzing gene bank management decisions regarding the search for traits of economic value in ex situ collections of wheat. The model is applied to data on the probability of ...
International collaboration in crop improvement research: current status and future prospects
Investments over the past 35 years have created s system of national and international research centers that has revolutionized the supply of improved cereal varieties to developing country farmers. The newly created ...
Cereal crop productivity in developing countries: past trends and future prospects
This paper synthesizes the evidence on cereal crop poductivity in developing countries over the past 30 years and looks at future prospects for productivity in growth. For more than three decades we have witnessed the ...
Institutionalizing the role of the economist in national agricultural research institutes
The evolution of the role of economists in agricultural research institutes (ARIs) over the past two decades is described. A framework for determining relevant research activities for economists in ARIs is presented, with ...
Organization and performance of national maize seed industries: a new institutionalist perspective
This paper proposes a conceptual framework for analyzing the organization and performance of national maize seed industries. The authors begin by reviewing what several leading economic paradigms have to say about the ...
A conceptual framework for valuing on-farm genetic resources
This paper proposes a preliminary conceptual framework designed to support strategic decisions about which crop populations-in a well-defined reference area within a crop's center of diversity-are suitable candidates for ...
Nutritive and economic value of triticale as a feed grain for poultry
This study reviews evidence from various studies of the nutritional value of triticale (X. Triticosecale Wittmack) for poultry feed. The economic value of triticale as a major ingredient in poultry diets, substituting for ...
Emerging roles of the public and private sectors of maize seed industries in the developing world
Interactions between public and private sector organizations in the world maize seed industry are analyzed, with emphasis on the developing world. Information is presented on the share of total maize seed sales in 1992 by ...
Understanding global trends in the use of wheat diversity and international flows of wheat genetic resources
This paper discusses the centers of origin and diversity for bread wheat; sketches historical patterns in the sources and use of wheat genetic resources in modern plant breeding; identifies and compares indicators of genetic ...