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Evaluation of the performance of sorghum genotypes using GGE biplot

Author: Gasura, E.
Author: Setimela, P.S.
Author: Souta, C.M.
Year: 2015
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/4621
Abstract: In spite of sorghum’s drought tolerance, it is largely affected by genotypeenvironment interaction (GE), making it difficult and expensive to select and recommend new sorghum genotypes for different environments. The objectives of this study were to examine the nature of GE for sorghum grain yield, to identify superior sorghum genotypes for sorghum production environments and determine ideal testing locations for future breeding activities in Zimbabwe. The grain yield of 20 sorghum genotypes from Seed Co. Pvt. Ltd. were evaluated for 2 yr (2011/2012 and 2012/2013 cropping seasons) at five locations in different agro-ecological zones of Zimbabwe. Combined analyses of variance showed significant differences for genotypes (PB0.01), environments (PB0.001) and genotypelocation (PB0.01). Genotypeenvironment variance component was seven times greater than that of genotypes. Genotypeenvironment interaction was attributed to the variability in the predictable biotic and abiotic factors associated with the different locations. The genotype main effect plus GE biplot showed that the experimental sorghum genotypes W07, W09, W05, G06 and OP46 were high yielding and stable, and possessed other desirable agronomic traits. The most discriminating and representative location was Rattray Arnold Research Station.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Agricultural Institute of Canada (AIC)
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Canada
Pages: 1205-1214
Volume: 95
DOI: 10.4141/CJPS-2015-119
Keywords: Ideal Testing Environment
Agrovoc: SORGHUM
Agrovoc: GENOTYPE ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
Agrovoc: ENVIRONMENT
Agrovoc: STABILITY
Journal: Canadian Journal of Plant Science


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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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