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Food security through translational biology between wheat and rice

Author: Valluru, R.
Author: Reynolds, M.P.
Author: Lafarge, T.
Year: 2015
Abstract: Wheat and rice are the most important food crops in agriculture providing around 50% of all calories consumed in the human diet. While both are C3 species, the evolution and domestication of wheat and rice occurred in very different environments, resulting in diverse anatomical and metabolic adaptation. This review focuses on the current understanding of their adaptation in an agronomic context. The similarities and differences between wheat and rice are discussed, focusing on traits related to phenology, photosynthesis, assimilate partitioning, and lodging resistance, these being the main abiotic drivers of yield expression in most agro-ecosystems. Currently, there are significant knowledge gaps in the major biological processes that account not only for differential adaption among cultivars within each species, but even between the two species. By addressing what is known as well as where gaps exist in a comparative context, this review aims to highlight translational research approaches that could provide insights into the genetic improvement of both crops.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Wiley Open Access
Publisher: Association of Applied Biologists
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: USA
Pages: 203-218
Issue: 3
Volume: 4
DOI: 10.1002/fes3.71
Keywords: Comparative Biology
Keywords: Translational Biology
Agrovoc: BIOLOGY
Agrovoc: RICE
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Journal: Food and Energy Security

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  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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