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Annual report 2001: Programa Suramericano de Maíz

Author: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT)
Year: 2001
Abstract: The main research activities of the SARMP have continued to be guided towards the development and improvement of maize germplasm with tolerance to aluminum toxic- acid soils. These type of soils are present in approximately 40% of the arable land in tropical countries, with extremely poor soils due to low pH, and either deficiency or toxicity of some micronutrients. The products derived from this research are targeted to develop maize germplasm with tolerance to acid soils and some regional biotic stresses which are limiting factors for maize production in countries in the region, including fall armyworm, phaeosphaeria leaf spot, polysora and physopella rusts, corn stunt, ray ado fino, and sugarcane mosaic virus. The program has developed, and concentrates its activities, in the improvement of 4 genetically broad based populations, including 2 heterotic populations with yellow (SA3 and SA4) and 2 heterotic populations with white (SA6 and SA7) endosperm. Inbred lines, open pollinated varieties, synthetics, and hybrids have been generated from these four base populations, and their products tested by interested collaborating programs. The above four base acid soil-tolerant populations are being improved following a reciprocal recurrent selection scheme. Germplasm is improved by testing and selecting tolerant germplasm in nurseries established at Villavicencio, Menegua, and Palmira, in Colombia, and collaborating countries in South America. Germplasm generated from these populations is offered to NARS to be evaluated for resistance to important biotic stresses in the region. Selected germplasm is both introgressed in the base populations and used to generate resistant source populations, inbred lines, and synthetics.
Format: PDF
Language: Spanish
Publisher: CIMMYT
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Annual Report
Place of Publication: Colombia
Pages: 69 pages
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: HYBRIDS

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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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