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Reaction of some of Afghanistan's wheat varieties to yellow rust under natural conditions

Author: Ahmadzada, Z.
Author: Obaidi, M.Q.
Author: Ghanizada, A.G.
Author: Mashook, M.
Author: Azmatyar, M.H.
Author: Jan, A.
Author: Qayum, A.
Author: Mohmand, E.
Author: Sharma, R.K.
Year: 2013
ISSN: 1991-637X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/3472
Abstract: Afghanistan grows wheat at about 2.5 million ha, about 45% of which is irrigated. The country is not wheat sufficient and has been importing to meet domestic needs. Yellow rust is the most important disease of wheat in Afghanistan. Country has been able to manage wheat rusts mainly by having a survey surveillance system in place and by releasing resistant varieties. A total of 30 wheat varieties released during last two decades were screened for rust resistance under natural epiphytotic conditions. The rust reaction observed on two dates at one week interval revealed very fast increase in yellow rust infection. A large number of varieties e.g., Gul-96, Pamir-94, Ghori-96, HD2285 etc., were found to have very high yellow rust scores warranting their removal from seed chain.
Language: English
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Pages: 1255-1257
Journal Issue: 14
Journal: African Journal of Agricultural Research
Journal Volume: 8
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR12.2218
Keywords: Wheat
Keywords: Yellow rust
Keywords: Seed
Publisher URI: http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1380882204_Ahmadzada%20et%20al.pdf


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  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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