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Gender, nutrition- and climate-smart food production: Opportunities and trade-offs

Author: Beuchelt, T.D.
Author: Badstue, L.B.
Year: 2013
ISSN: 1876-4517
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/3326
Abstract: Future food and nutrition security is threatened by climate change, overexploitation of natural resources and pervasive social inequalities. Promising solutions are often technology-focused and not necessarily developed considering gender and social disparities. This paper addresses issues of gender and human development opportunities and trade-offs related to promoting improved technologies for agricultural development. We examined these aspects for conservation agriculture (CA) as part of a cropping system with nutrition- and climate-smart potential. The paper is based on a literature review and field experiences from Zambia and Mexico. Findings point up situations where the promotion of CA for smallholders in developing countries may have undesired effects from gender and human development perspectives, specifically relating to drudgery, nutrition and food security, residue use, assets, mechanization and extension. The direction and magnitude of potential trade-offs depend on the local context and the specific intervention. The analysis is followed by a discussion of opportunities and pathways for mitigating the trade-offs, including gender transformative approaches; engagement with alternative or non-traditional partners with different but complementary perspectives and strengths; ?smart? combinations of technologies and approaches; and policies for inclusive development.
Abstract: Future food and nutrition security is threatened by climate change, overexploitation of natural resources and pervasive social inequalities. Promising solutions are often technology-focused and not necessarily developed considering gender and social disparities. This paper addresses issues of gender and human development opportunities and trade-offs related to promoting improved technologies for agricultural development. We examined these aspects for conservation agriculture (CA) as part of a cropping system with nutrition- and climate-smart potential. The paper is based on a literature review and field experiences from Zambia and Mexico. Findings point up situations where the promotion of CA for smallholders in developing countries may have undesired effects from gender and human development perspectives, specifically relating to drudgery, nutrition and food security, residue use, assets, mechanization and extension. The direction and magnitude of potential trade-offs depend on the local context and the specific intervention. The analysis is followed by a discussion of opportunities and pathways for mitigating the trade-offs, including gender transformative approaches; engagement with alternative or non-traditional partners with different but complementary perspectives and strengths; "smart" combinations of technologies and approaches; and policies for inclusive development.
Language: English
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Pages: 709-721
Journal issue: 5
Journal: Food Security
Journal volume: 5
DOI: 10.1007/s12571-013-0290-8
Keywords: Trade-offs
Keywords: Gender and social equity
Keywords: Agriculture
Keywords: Conservation agriculture
Keywords: technology diffusion
Publisher URI: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12571-013-0290-8
Audicence: Researchers
Country of Focus: ZAMBIA
Country of Focus: MEXICO


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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