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Enhancing introgression of the Opaque-2 trait into elite maize lines using simple sequence repeats

Author: Manna, R.
Author: Okello, D.K.
Author: Imanywoha, J.
Author: Pixley, K.V.
Author: Edema, R.
Year: 2005
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/3028
Abstract: To improve on the efficiency of Quality Protein Maize (QPM) breeding in Uganada, the utility of three simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers (phi057, phi112 and umc1066) in selection and introgression of the opaque-2 (o2) gene was investigated. Genomic DNA of six normal and seven (QPM) lines was analysed using a standard PCR protocol. Polymorphisms were detected in the Opaque-2 locus among all the maize lines when using the SSR primers, phi057 and phi112, while no polymorphism was detected with primer umc1066. To facilitate background selection in the heterozygous BC2 progeny, key phenotypic characters of the recurrent parent (136R) were used as additional markers. The SSR marker phi057 was co-dominant while phi112 was dominant. The polymorphic SSR markers correctly predicted the expression of tryptophan in kernels of all QPM inbreds and five of the six non-QPM inbred lines. However, one non-QPM inbred line (PED49B) had a tryptophan content that is characteristic of the o2 mutation (0.090), suggesting that another genetic system may be responsible for the expression of tryptophan in this maize line. Phi057 was employed to monitor the introgression of the o2 allele from CML176 to 136R. Of the 200 BC1F1 (136R/CML176/136R) plants genotyped, 104 were found to be heterozygous, producing products corresponding to both alleles (o2 and O2), while 96 produced a single band corresponding to the homozygous dominant (O2O2) condition. The ratio of the two groups in the backcross (BC) population was consistent with proportion 1 :1 accorded by the Chi-square rest (X2=0.16<X2 0.05=3.84) for a single gene in a BC population. Therefore, under the conditions of PCR used, SSR markers phi057 and phi112 will constitute the framework for marker assisted introgression of the o2 trait into suitable maize genotypes in Uganda.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: African Crop Science Society
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Region: Global
Pages: 215-226
Issue: 4
Volume: 13
Keywords: QPM
Publisher URI: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=cs05022&lang=en
Agrovoc: PROTEIN QUALITY
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: TRYPTOPHAN
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS
Journal: African Crop Science Journal


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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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