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Improved winter wheat genotypes for Central and West Asia

Author: Sharma, R.C.
Author: Rajaram, S.
Author: Alikulov, S.
Author: Ziyaev, Z.
Author: Hazratkulova, S.
Author: Khodarahami, M.
Author: Nazeri, S.M.
Author: Belen, S.
Author: Khalikulov, Z.
Author: Mosaad, M.
Author: Kaya, Y.
Author: Keser, M.
Author: Eshonova, Z.
Author: Kokhmetova, A.
Author: Ahmedov, M.G.
Author: Jalal Kamali, M.R.
Author: Morgounov, A.I.
Year: 2012
ISSN: 0014-2336
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2909
Abstract: High grain yield and resistance to stripe (yellow) rust are the most important traits for successful adoption of winter wheat varieties in Central and West Asia. This study was conducted to determine the stripe rust response and agronomic performance of a set of breeding lines recently developed by the International Winter Wheat Improvement Program (IWWIP). Replicated field studies were conducted in 2010 and 2011 using 38 experimental lines, one regional check (Konya) and one local check. Stripe rust scores were recorded at Karshi, Uzbekistan, and Karaj and Mashhad, Iran, in 2010. Grain yield was recorded at two sites each in Uzbekistan (Karshi and Kibray) and Iran (Karaj and Mashhad) and one site in Turkey (Eskisehir). The test lines showed variation for stripe rust severity, grain yield, 1,000-kernel weight, days to heading and plant height. Several stripe rust resistant genotypes were either higher yielding or equal to the local checks at different sites. Based on stripe rust resistance and yield performance in 2010, a set of 16 genotypes was selected and evaluated in 2011. All 16 were resistant at Almaty, Kazakhstan, and Dushanbe, Tajikistan, in 2011, whereas 9 of the 16 were resistant at Terter, Azerbaijan. The genotypes ?TCI-02-138, ?Solh?, ?CMSS97M00541S?, ?TCI -2-88(A)? and ?TCI-02-88(C)? were consistently resistant to stripe across all sites in both years. Several lines showed high grain yields and superior agronomic performance across four sites in Uzbekistan and one site in Tajikistan. One genotype has been released in Uzbekistan and another in Tajikistan
Language: English
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Region: Central Asia
Region: West Asia
Pages: 19-31
Journal issue: 1
Journal: Euphytica
Journal volume: 190
DOI: 10.1007/s10681-012-0732-y
Keywords: Puccinia striiformis f. sp. Tritici
Keywords: Resistance
Keywords: Stripe rust
Keywords: Triticum aestivum
Keywords: Yellow rust


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  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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