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Grain yield and protein property of Chinese and CIMMYT hard spring wheats in four CIMMYT management environments

Author: Zhang Yong
Author: He, Zhonghu
Author: Wu Zhen-lu
Author: Zhang Ai-min
Author: Maarten van Ginkel
Year: 2007
ISSN: 0496-3490
dc.identifier.other: http://zwxb.chinacrops.org/EN/Y2007/V33/I07/1182
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2608
Abstract: The effects of moisture stress, sowing date and planting method on grain yield and protein properties were evaluated using 21 hard spring wheat cultivars, which were grown in Obregon experiment station in CIMMYT across two seasons from 2000 to 2002 under four management environments. All traits investigated were significantly influenced by cultivar and management environment main effects, among which grain yield and SDS sedimentation value were also significantly influenced by cultivar and management interaction. Cultivar by management environment interactions should be accommodated in evaluation and selection of cultivars within the operation of breeding program for grain yield and quality improvement. It was helpful to elevate protein content and gluten strength when planted on bed, reduced irrigation and late sowing, while sown at normal time with full irrigation increased grain yield. Rayon F 89 performed high grain yield, protein content and SDS sedimentation value. Longmai 26 performed much higher grain yield, protein content and SDS sedimentation value than the other three photosensitive cultivars. Cultivars differed in response to irrigation, sowing date and planting method, which changed the rankings for grain yield and SDS sedimentation value. Full irrigation, sown on normal date, and planted on bed (FNB) treatment elevated grain yield for Rayon F 89, and SDS sedimentation value for Weaver. Full irrigation, sown on normal date, and planted on basin (FNF) treatment elevated grain yield for Seri M 82, and SDS sedimentation value for Attila. Full irrigation, sown one month later than normal date, and planted on bed (FLB) treatment increased grain yield for Longmai 26, and SDS sedimentation value for Super Seri#1, whereas reduced irrigation, sown on normal date, and planted on bed (RNB) treatment increased grain yield for Rayong F 89 and Xinchun 6, and SDS sedimentation value for Weaver. It is very important to take the effect of cultivar-by-environment interaction into consideration when improving wheat quality.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Institute of Crop Sciences
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Country focus: China
Region: East Asia
Pages: 1182-1186
Issue: 7
Volume: 33
Keywords: Cultivar-and-Environment Interaction
Keywords: Protein Property
Agrovoc: TRITICUM AESTIVUM
Agrovoc: ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Agrovoc: GRAIN
Agrovoc: YIELDS
Agrovoc: PROTEINS
Journal: Acta Agronomica Sinica


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  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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