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Ecological footprints of food systems in South Asia

Creator: Urfels, A.
Creator: Raghu, P.T.
Creator: Chakraborty, S.
Creator: Sumona Shahrin
Creator: Krupnik, T.J.
Creator: Mukherji, A.
Year: 2022
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Other
Country focus: South Asia
Place of Publication: Bangladesh
Pages: 10 pages
Description: FooD systems in South Asia exert considerable pressure on climate systems, water systems, and biodiversity. Quantifying these impacts and is crucial for steering food systems transitions. However, approaches and assessments for environmental footprints of food systems remain largely fragmented in South Asia, especially for low-income and data-scarce regions. We address this knowledge gap with systematic scoping review of peer-reviewed literature to identify existing methods and datasets applicable for assessing the environmental footprints and planetary boundaries of food systems in South Asia. We find that such assessments have started to become more common, although many remain narrowly focused on reliant on Tier 1 type of approaches. Others are singular case studies or describe experiments. For example, most studies look either at carbon and/or water footprints of national dietary or production patterns and their relationship to ecosystem functioning. We also find a concentration of studies on specific crops or food products in select ecological boundaries. We consequent suggest two avenues for future research: First, consolidating a meso-scale overview of environmental impacts of food systems exercises and strategy development. Second, research is needed to generate sub-regional diagnostic datasets. These could be helpful in developing context-specific, data-driven, and socially desirable solutions to address the most actionable environmental impacts of food systems in South Asia.
CGIAR Impact Area: Nutrition, health & food security
CGIAR Initiative: Transforming Agrifood Systems in South Asia
CGIAR Action Area: Resilient Agrifood Systems
Donor or Funder: CGIAR Trust Fund
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