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Assessing the potential economic impact of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize in Kenya

Author: De Groote, H.
Author: Overholt, W.A.
Author: Ouma, J.O.
Author: Wanyama, J.
Year: 2011
ISSN: 1684-5315
ISSN: 1684-5315
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/2214
Abstract: The Insect Resistant Maize for Africa (IRMA) project is currently developing Bt maize for Kenya. So far, Bt genes with resistance to Chilo partellus, Chilo orichalcociliellus, Eldana sacharina, and Sesamia calamistis, four of the five major stemborers were successfully incorporated into elite CIMMYT maize inbred line (CML216) and tested in insect bioassays in Kenya. Participatory Rural Appraisals showed that stem borers are indeed major pest problems for farmers. Four seasons of on-farm crop loss assessment showed an average crop loss of 13.5%, or 0.4 million tons, valued at US$ 80 million. If the project manages to find a Bt gene that is effective to the fifth stemborer, Busseola fusca, adoption rates are likely to be high, and therefore the returns. Under standard assumptions, the economic surplus of the project is calculated at $ 208 million over 25 years (66% of which is consumer surplus) as compared to a cost of $5.7 million. Geographically, the project should focus on the high production moist-transitional zone. However, if such gene cannot be found, Bt maize technology would only be effective in the low potential areas, and adoption rates would be fairly low, although benefits would still exceed costs.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Academic Journals
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Country focus: Kenya
Region: Eastern Africa
Pages: 4741-4751
Issue: 23
Volume: 10
DOI: 10.5897/AJB10.2709
Keywords: Adoption
Publisher URI: https://academicjournals.org/journal/AJB/article-abstract/984F14625435
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS
Agrovoc: BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS
Agrovoc: ECONOMIC IMPACT
Journal: African Journal of Biotechnology


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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