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Transcription factor TaWRKY51 is a positive regulator in root architecture and grain yield contributing traits

Creator: Yuying Li
Creator: Yanfei Zhang
Creator: Chaonan Li
Creator: Xin Chen
Creator: Lili Yang
Creator: Jie Zhang
Creator: Jingyi Wang
Creator: Long Li
Creator: Reynolds, M.P.
Creator: Ruilian Jing
Creator: Xinguo Mao
Creator: Chenyang Wang
Year: 2021
Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Switzerland
Volume: 12
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2021.734614
Keywords: Association Analysis
Keywords: Functional Markers
Description: Wheat is one of the staple food crops. The utilization of elite genetic resources to develop resource-efficient wheat varieties is an effective approach to deal with the challenges of climate change and population growth. WRKY transcription factors (TFs) are multifaceted regulators of plant growth and development and response to environmental stress. The previous studies have shown that TaWRKY51 positively regulates the development of lateral roots, while its roles in agronomic trait development are not clear, and there is no functional marker for molecular breeding. To bridge the gap, we cloned the three members of TaWRKY51 and found they were highly expressed in the roots and flag leaves at the flowering stage and were induced by the multiple abiotic stresses and phytohormones. The highest expression level was observed in TaWRKY51-2D, followed by TaWRKY51-2A and -2B. The two haplotypes/alleles for each member were identified in the natural populations, and functional markers were developed accordingly. The association assays revealed that Hap-2A-I was an elite haplotype for the large spike, Hap-2B-II and allele-G were favorable haplotypes/alleles for long root. However, only Hap-2A-I was selected for wheat breeding in China. The results of transgenic experiments showed that the rice lines overexpressing TaWRKY51 had large panicle, high thousand-grain-weight, and more crown and lateral roots, which further confirmed the results of association analysis. In short, TaWRKY51 is a positive regulator of the root architecture and grain yield (GY) contributing traits. The elite gene resources and functional markers may be utilized in the marker-assisted selection for high-yield breeding in wheat.
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ISSN: 1664-462X
Journal: Frontiers in Plant Science
Article number: 734614

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  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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