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In pursuit of a better world: crop improvement and the CGIAR

Creator: Kholova, J.
Creator: Urban, M.O.
Creator: Cock, J.
Creator: Arcos, J.
Creator: Arnaud, E.
Creator: Aytekin, D.
Creator: Azevedo, V.
Creator: Barnes, A.P.
Creator: Ceccarelli, S.
Creator: Chavarriaga, P.
Creator: Cobb, J.N.
Creator: Connor, D.J.
Creator: Cooper, M.
Creator: Craufurd, P.
Creator: Debouck, D.
Creator: Fungo, R.
Creator: Grando, S.
Creator: Hammer, G.L.
Creator: Jara, C.
Creator: Messina, C.
Creator: Mosquera, G.
Creator: Nchanji, E.
Creator: Eng Hwa Ng
Creator: Prager, S.D.
Creator: Sankaran, S.
Creator: Selvaraj, M.
Creator: Tardieu, F.
Creator: Thornton, P.K.
Creator: Valdes-Gutierrez, S.P.
Creator: Etten, J. van
Creator: Wenzl, P.
Creator: Yunbi Xu
Year: 2021
Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Oxford (United Kingdom)
Pages: 5158-5179
Issue: 14
Volume: 72
DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erab226
Keywords: Breeders
Keywords: Multi-Disciplinary
Description: The CGIAR crop improvement (CI) programs, unlike commercial CI programs, which are mainly geared to profit though meeting farmers' needs, are charged with meeting multiple objectives with target populations that include both farmers and the community at large. We compiled the opinions from >30 experts in the private and public sector on key strategies, methodologies, and activities that could the help CGIAR meet the challenges of providing farmers with improved varieties while simultaneously meeting the goals of: (i) nutrition, health, and food security; (ii) poverty reduction, livelihoods, and jobs; (iii) gender equality, youth, and inclusion; (iv) climate adaptation and mitigation; and (v) environmental health and biodiversity. We review the crop improvement processes starting with crop choice, moving through to breeding objectives, production of potential new varieties, selection, and finally adoption by farmers. The importance of multidisciplinary teams working towards common objectives is stressed as a key factor to success. The role of the distinct disciplines, actors, and their interactions throughout the process from crop choice through to adoption by farmers is discussed and illustrated.
Agrovoc: CGIAR
Related Datasets:
ISSN: 0022-0957
Journal: Journal of Experimental Botany

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  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

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