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On-farm grain storage and challenges in Bagmati Province, Nepal

Creator: Kandel, P.
Creator: Kharel, K.
Creator: Njoroge, A.
Creator: Smith, B.W.
Creator: Díaz-Valderrama, J.R.
Creator: Timilsina, R.H.
Creator: Paudel, G.P.
Creator: Baributsa, D.
Year: 2021
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/21612
Language: English
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Country focus: Nepal
Place of Publication: Basel (Switzerland)
Issue: 14
Volume: 13
DOI: 10.3390/su13147959
Keywords: Grain Storage
Keywords: Hermetic Storage
Keywords: Extension Services
Keywords: Dhading
Keywords: Chitwan
Description: Farmers in Nepal lose up to one-third of stored grain to pests and diseases. This results in food insecurity and loss of income. To mitigate these losses, farmers use several approaches includ-ing pesticide applications on stored grains. We interviewed 241 farmers in Bagmati Province, Nepal, to assess the current on-farm grain storage practices and challenges to improve postharvest man-agement. The results show that rice was the most stored crop (median 1150 kg). About half of farmers stored for at least nine months and grain was mainly used for home consumption. Grain was stored by 66.5 and 69.8% of farmers in granaries (rice) and plastic drums (legumes), respectively. Insects were the most important challenge during storage, and farmers used pesticides to control them. Farmers were more likely to use insecticide on grain (p = 0.000) if they stored rice, used traditional granaries, and had insect damage during storage. The use of improved storage methods (e.g., hermetic bags) was very low for rice (3.5%). There is a need to improve on-farm grain storage by disseminating storage innovations to address postharvest challenges in important crops such as rice.
Agrovoc: STORAGE
Agrovoc: PEST INSECTS
Agrovoc: LOSSES
Agrovoc: EXTENSION ACTIVITIES
ISSN: 2071-1050
Journal: Sustainability
Article number: 7959


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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