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Genome-wide association mapping of seedling and adult plant response to stem rust in a durum wheat panel

Creator: Megerssa, S.H.
Creator: Sorrells, M.E.
Creator: Ammar, K.
Creator: Acevedo, M.
Creator: Bergstrom, G.
Creator: Olivera, P.
Creator: Brown-Guedira, G.
Creator: Ward, B.
Creator: Degete, A.G.
Creator: Abeyo Bekele Geleta
Year: 2021
Language: English
Publisher: Wiley
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Place of Publication: USA
Issue: 2
Volume: 14
DOI: 10.1002/tpg2.20105
Description: Many of the major stem rust resistance genes deployed in commercial wheat (Triticum spp.) cultivars and breeding lines become ineffective over time because of the continuous emergence of virulent races. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted using 26,439 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and 280 durum wheat [Triticum turgidum L. subsp. Durum (Desf.) Husnot] lines from CIMMYT to identify genomic regions associated with seedling resistance to races TTKSK, TKTTF, JRCQC, and TTRTF and field resistance to TKTTF and JRCQC. The phenotypic data analysis across environments revealed 61–91 and 59–77% of phenotypic variation was explained by the genotypic component for seedling and adult plant response of lines, respectively. For seedling resistance, mixed linear model (MLM) identified eight novel and nine previously reported quantitative trait loci (QTL) while a fixed and random model circulating probability unification (FarmCPU) detected 12 novel and eight previously reported QTL. For field resistance, MLM identified 12 novel and seven previously reported loci while FarmCPU identified seven novel and nine previously reported loci. The regions of Sr7a, Sr8155B1, Sr11, alleles of Sr13, Sr17, Sr22/Sr25, and Sr49 were identified. Novel loci on chromosomes 3B, 4A, 6A, 6B, 7A, and 7B could be used as sources of resistance to the races virulent on durum wheat. Two large-effect markers on chromosome 6A could potentially be used to differentiate resistant haplotypes of Sr13 (R1 and R3). Allelism tests for Sr13, breaking the deleterious effect associated with Sr22/Sr25 and retaining the resistance allele at the Sr49 locus, are needed to protect future varieties from emerging races.
Agrovoc: RUSTS
Agrovoc: GENOMES
Related Datasets:
ISSN: 1940-3372
Journal: Plant Genome
Article number: e20105

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  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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