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Phytosanitary interventions for safe global germplasm exchange and the prevention of transboundary pest spread: the role of CGIAR germplasm health units

Creator: Kumar, P.L.
Creator: Cuervo, M.
Creator: Kreuze, J.F.
Creator: Muller, G.
Creator: Kulkarni, G.
Creator: Kumari, S.G.
Creator: Massart, S.
Creator: Mezzalama, M.
Creator: Alakonya, A.
Creator: Muchugi, A.
Creator: Graziosi, I.
Creator: Ndjiondjop, M.N.
Creator: Sharma, R.
Creator: Negawo, A.T.
Year: 2021
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/21293
Language: English
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Basel (Switzerland)
Issue: 2
Volume: 10
DOI: 10.3390/plants10020328
Keywords: Crop Genetic Resources
Keywords: Crop Breeding
Keywords: Plant Treaty
Keywords: Transboundary Pests
Keywords: Prevention
Description: The inherent ability of seeds (orthodox, intermediate, and recalcitrant seeds and vegetative propagules) to serve as carriers of pests and pathogens (hereafter referred to as pests) and the risk of transboundary spread along with the seed movement present a high-risk factor for international germplasm distribution activities. Quarantine and phytosanitary procedures have been established by many countries around the world to minimize seed-borne pest spread by screening export and import consignments of germplasm. The effectiveness of these time-consuming and cost-intensive procedures depends on the knowledge of pest distribution, availability of diagnostic tools for seed health testing, qualified operators, procedures for inspection, and seed phytosanitation. This review describes a unique multidisciplinary approach used by the CGIAR Germplasm Health Units (GHUs) in ensuring phytosanitary protection for the safe conservation and global movement of germplasm from the 11 CGIAR genebanks and breeding programs that acquire and distribute germplasm to and from all parts of the world for agricultural research and food security. We also present the challenges, lessons learned, and recommendations stemming from the experience of GHUs, which collaborate with the national quarantine systems to export and distribute about 100,000 germplasm samples annually to partners located in about 90 to 100 countries. Furthermore, we describe how GHUs adjust their procedures to stay in alignment with evolving phytosanitary regulations and pest risk scenarios. In conclusion, we state the benefits of globally coordinated phytosanitary networks for the prevention of the intercontinental spread of pests that are transmissible through plant propagation materials.
Agrovoc: GENETIC RESOURCES
Agrovoc: CROPS
Agrovoc: DIAGNOSIS
Agrovoc: GERMPLASM
Agrovoc: PLANT BREEDING
Agrovoc: PATHOGENS
Agrovoc: PESTS OF PLANTS
Agrovoc: PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES
Agrovoc: INVASIVE SPECIES
Agrovoc: QUARANTINE
Agrovoc: SEED HEALTH
Agrovoc: SEED
Agrovoc: VIRUS INDEXING
Agrovoc: CGIAR
Related Datasets: https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/10/2/328#supplementary
ISSN: 2223-7747
Journal: Plants
Article number: 328


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  • Genetic Resources
    Genetic Resources including germplasm collections, wild relatives, genotyping, genomics, and IP

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