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What explains gender gaps in household food security? Evidence from maize farm households in southern Ethiopia

Creator: Gebre, G.G.
Creator: Hiroshi Isoda
Creator: Yuichiro Amekawa
Creator: Rahut, D.B.
Creator: Hisako Nomura
Creator: Takaaki Watanabe
Year: 2021
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/21134
Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Country focus: Ethiopia
Place of Publication: Netherlands
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1007/s11205-020-02600-8
Keywords: Decomposition Model
Keywords: Dawuro Zone
Description: Using primary data collected from 560 farm households in Dawuro zone, southern Ethiopia, this study analyzes the gender gaps in food security among male, female, and joint decision-making farm households. It examines the factors inducing gender gaps among the households of those three categories. The results show that female decision-making households have a lower probability of ensuring food-security and a higher probability of being transitionally and chronically food-insecure. Joint decision-making households showed a higher probability of falling into the chronically food-insecure category. The decomposition results show significant gender gaps between male and female decision-making households in terms of food-secure, transitory food-insecure, and chronically food-insecure categories. Overall, both the endowment and return effects account for the gaps; however, the magnitude of the effect from the return is higher than from the endowment on significant gaps in the food-secure, transitory, and chronically food-insecure categories. Hence, there is a need for policies that not only ensure equal levels of productive resources but also help households build their capacity in order to improve both transitory and chronically food insecure situations.
Agrovoc: GENDER
Agrovoc: FOOD SECURITY
Agrovoc: MAIZE
ISSN: 0303-8300
Journal: Social Indicators Research


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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