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Changing agricultural stubble burning practices in the Indo-Gangetic plains: is the Happy Seeder a profitable alternative?

Creator: Keil, A.
Creator: Krishnapriya, P.P.
Creator: Archisman Mitra
Creator: Jat, M.L.
Creator: Sidhu, H.S.
Creator: Krishna, V.V.
Creator: Shyamsundar, P.
Year: 2020
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/21048
Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Country focus: India
Place of Publication: Colchester (United Kingdom)
Volume: In press
DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2020.1834277
Keywords: Crop Residue Burning
Keywords: Happy Seeder Adoption
Keywords: Endogenous Treatment Effects
Keywords: Agricultural Sustainability
Description: Every year after the rice harvest, some 2.5 million farmers in northwest India burn the remaining stubble to prepare their fields for the subsequent wheat crop. Crop residue burning causes massive air pollution affecting millions of people across the Indo-Gangetic Plains. We examine different tillage practices to provide urgently needed empirical evidence on how profitable it is for farmers to adopt no-burn technologies, especially the ‘Happy Seeder’ (HS) which is capable of sowing wheat directly into large amounts of crop residue. Apart from analysing the cost of rice residue management and wheat sowing under conventional-tillage and zero-tillage, we identify factors influencing the adoption of the HS and quantify its impact on wheat yields and –production costs. While we do not find any evidence of a yield penalty, our analysis reveals significant savings in wheat production costs, amounting to 136 USD ha–1. In addition, our analysis shows that the HS saves water and facilitates timely wheat sowing. We conclude that the private benefits of HS use combined with its societal benefits of reducing air pollution and enhancing agricultural sustainability justify particular policy support for its large-scale diffusion, to be supplemented by a stricter enforcement of the ban on residue burning.
Agrovoc: SLASH BURNING
Agrovoc: INNOVATION ADOPTION
Agrovoc: SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
ISSN: 1473-5903
Journal: International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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