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A scoping review of adoption of climate-resilient crops by small-scale producers in low- and middle-income countries

Creator: Acevedo, M.
Creator: Pixley, K.
Creator: Zinyengere, N.
Creator: Meng, S.
Creator: Tufan, H.A.
Creator: Cichy, K.
Creator: Bizikova, L.
Creator: Isaacs, K.
Creator: Ghezzi-Kopel, K.
Creator: Porciello, J.
Year: 2020
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: London (United Kingdom)
Pages: 1231-1241
Issue: 10
Volume: 6
DOI: 10.1038/s41477-020-00783-z
Description: Climate-resilient crops and crop varieties have been recommended as a way for farmers to cope with or adapt to climate change, but despite the apparent benefits, rates of adoption by smallholder farmers are highly variable. Here we present a scoping review, using PRISMA-P (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis Protocols), examining the conditions that have led to the adoption of climate-resilient crops over the past 30 years in lower- and middle-income countries. The descriptive analysis performed on 202 papers shows that small-scale producers adopted climate-resilient crops and varieties to cope with abiotic stresses such as drought, heat, flooding and salinity. The most prevalent trait in our dataset was drought tolerance, followed by water-use efficiency. Our analysis found that the most important determinants of adoption of climate-resilient crops were the availability and effectiveness of extension services and outreach, followed by education levels of heads of households, farmers’ access to inputs—especially seeds and fertilizers—and socio-economic status of farming families. About 53% of studies reported that social differences such as sex, age, marital status and ethnicity affected the adoption of varieties or crops as climate change-adaptation strategies. On the basis of the collected evidence, this study presents a series of pathways and interventions that could contribute to higher adoption rates of climate-resilient crops and reduce dis-adoption.
Agrovoc: CROPS
Related Datasets:
Journal: Nature Plants

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    Genetic Resources including germplasm collections, wild relatives, genotyping, genomics, and IP

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