Show simple item record

Farm-level exploration of economic and environmental impacts of sustainable intensification of rice-wheat cropping systems in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic plains

Creator: Adelhart Toorop, R.
Creator: Lopez-Ridaura, S.
Creator: Bijarniya, D.
Creator: Kalawantawanit, E.
Creator: Jat, R.K.
Creator: Prusty, A.K.
Creator: Jat, M.L.
Creator: Groot, J.C.J.
Year: 2020
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/20957
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose
Type: Article
Country focus: India
Place of Publication: Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Volume: 121
DOI: 10.1016/j.eja.2020.126157
Description: Agriculture in rural Bihar needs to maintain its productivity while enhancing its biophysical sustainability. To sustainably intensify the predominant rice-wheat systems, alternative cropping patterns with short duration legumes, planted in the usually fallow summer season, were developed. The addition of the legume ensures near-permanent soil cover, breaks the cereal-cereal cycle, and aims to improve soil quality while yielding between 0.6 and 1.2 Mg ha-1 of protein-rich dry matter. On-station experiments previously demonstrated the agronomical feasibility of the alternative cropping patterns while this study addresses the implications of such field-level changes at farm-level for different types of smallholders. We used the model FarmDESIGN to 1) assess current farm performance, 2) explore options to rearrange cropping patterns and 3) assess the impact of cropping patterns with mung bean. We found diverse farm performances, indicating a heterogenous farming community. Re-arranging current cropping patterns gave all farms possibilities to save water, increase soil organic matter content and decrease nitrogen losses but showed trade-offs with operating profit. Higher resource endowed farms had most potential to favourably rearrange the farm and improve multiple performance indicators. Two out of the five farms assessed did not benefit from including the alternative cropping patterns. We conclude that the impact of innovations greatly depends on farm type and current farm features and performance, described by a farm typology.
Agrovoc: CROP ROTATION
Agrovoc: TYPOLOGY
Agrovoc: MUNG BEANS
Agrovoc: SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Agrovoc: CROPPING SYSTEMS
Related Datasets: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1161030120301647?via%3Dihub#sec0070
Journal: European Journal of Agronomy


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

Show simple item record