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Changes in the bacterial community structure in soil under conventional and conservation practices throughout a complete maize (Zea mays L.) crop cycle

Author: Romero-Salas, E.A.
Author: Navarro–Noya, Y.E.
Author: Luna Guido, M.
Author: Verhulst, N.
Author: Crossa, J.
Author: Govaerts, B.
Author: Dendooven, L.
Year: 2021
ISSN: 0929-1393 (Print)
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/20935
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Issue: art. 103733
Volume: 157
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2020.103733
Keywords: Crop Residue Management
Keywords: Soil Characteristics
Description: Agricultural practices and changes in soil conditions, such as water content, inorganic N content, temperature, pH and organic material availability, affect the bacterial community structure. Soil characteristics and the bacterial community structure were monitored in soil with maize (Zea mays L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) rotation, zero tillage and crop residue kept (ZTRK) or removed (ZTRR), and conventional tillage with monoculture maize (CTMR) or maize-wheat rotation and crop residue removed (CTRR) or kept in the field and ploughed in (CTRK). The soil organic C was significantly affected by tillage practices and decreased ZTRK > CTRK > CTRR = ZTRR > CTMR, while water content and NO3− concentration showed large fluctuations over the crop cycle, but were not affected significantly by agricultural practices. The bacterial community structure showed large changes over the crop cycle determined by varying soil characteristics, most importantly water content and NO3− concentration and six bacterial genera, i.e. Achromobacter, Bacillus, Halomonas, Kaistobacter, Pseudomonas and Serratia, while changes due to agricultural practices were much smaller. It was found that the bacterial community structure was affected significantly by time, tillage (zero tillage versus conventional tillage), crop residue management (kept versus removed) and crop rotation (CTMR versus CTRR treatment).
Agrovoc: CROP RESIDUES
Agrovoc: LONG TERM EXPERIMENTS
Agrovoc: FIELD EXPERIMENTATION
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: MONOCULTURE
Agrovoc: CROP ROTATION
Agrovoc: SOIL PROPERTIES
Agrovoc: TILLAGE
Journal: Applied Soil Ecology


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