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Developing a gender intentional strategy for deployment of Male sterility (Ms44) mutant gene seed production technology for Africa. International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Internal Discussion Paper

Author: Adam, R.I.
Author: David, S.
Author: Cairns, E.J.
Author: Olsen, M.
Year: 2020
Abstract: Are there differences in men’s and women’s access to and use of fertilizer and hybrid maize seed in eastern and southern Africa? This article explores the issue through a systematic review of the extant literature on gender and fertilizer use in maize production and on gender and hybrid maize adoption. Moreover, if differences exist, what will be the best strategy to deploy nitrogen use efficient (NUE) maize hybrid technology/seed in the region. The findings show that indeed a gender gap in fertilizer use exists. We find that there is strong evidence of a significant gender gap in the use of chemical fertilizer in SSA, with men adopting the technology more than women. Studies on the adoption of improved maize varieties (hybrids) show unclear gender-related trends, possibly because most studies use the sex of the household head or farmer to represent gender. For the deployment of NUE maize hybrids to be gender-intentional, stakeholders such as breeders, extension agents, seed companies, agro-dealers and governments need to take into account factors that hinder women from taking up the technologies, which include economic factors, knowledge and information, access and social norms and culture.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Report
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: 40 pages
Keywords: Organic Fertilizer
Keywords: Chemical Fertilizer
Country of Focus: AFRICA
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: HYBRIDS
Agrovoc: SEEDS
Agrovoc: GENDER

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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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