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Translational research for climate resilient, higher yielding crops

Author: Reynolds, M.P.
Author: Borrell, A.
Author: Braun, H.J.
Author: Edmeades, G.O.
Author: Flavell, R.
Author: Gwyn, J.
Author: Jordan, D.
Author: Pixley, K.V.
Author: Rebetzke, G.J.
Year: 2019
ISSN: 2632-7309 (Print)
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Hapres
Publisher: State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
Issue: 2
Issue: e190016
Volume: 1
DOI: 10.20900/cbgg20190016
Description: Investment in scientific research is generally asymmetrical: it depends on precedents, current trends in science and technology, and economic, political and social agendas. However, asymmetry occasionally leads to bottlenecks that limit delivery of valuable technologies. This review considers the case of translating plant research to crop genetic improvement. Considerable progress has been made in basic plant science in recent decades fueled largely by the revolution in genetics. Meanwhile, human population has continued to grow exponentially, the natural resource base upon which agriculture depends has diminished significantly, and the climate is becoming less conducive to agriculture in general, especially in already food insecure regions. However, although basic research has delivered promising outputs using model crop species, relatively few new ideas have been tested in a mainstream breeding context. Past successful translational research projects—including enhancing the vitamin A content of maize, increasing the ability of rice to tolerate flooding, approaches for improving the yield potential of spring wheat, and traits for increasing the climate resilience of maize and sorghum—required interdisciplinary and often international collaboration to deliver adequate proofs of concept. They were also driven by a visionary approach and the necessary time commitment from the research institutions and funding bodies involved. These attributes are prerequisite for capitalizing on basic plant research and harnessing it to food security.
Agrovoc: FARMERS
Related Datasets:
Journal: Crop Breeding, Genetics and Genomics

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  • Genetic Resources
    Genetic Resources including germplasm collections, wild relatives, genotyping, genomics, and IP
  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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