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Understanding tropical maize (Zea mays L.): the major monocot in modernization and sustainability of agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa

Author: Awata, L.A.O.
Author: Tongoona, P.
Author: Danquah, E.
Author: Ifie, B.E.
Author: Mahabaleswara, S.L.
Author: Jumbo, M.B.
Author: Marchelo-D’ragga, P.W.
Author: Sitonik, C.
Year: 2019
ISSN: 2053-1265
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: BluePen Journals
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Merseyside (United Kingdom)
Issue: 2
Volume: 7
DOI: 10.33500/ijaar.2019.07.004
Description: Maize is the second most important cereal crop in the world after wheat followed by rice. Although, it is among the latest entries in the list of food crops in Africa, maize has attracted much more attention in terms of research and adaptability. Consequently, maize has become the number 1 crop with significant contribution to modern farming and food security in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Majority of the population in the region depend on maize as their main source of calories, income and livelihood. Additionally, maize is of global importance as a model organism for advancement of genetic studies. However, maize production in the region is conditioned by complex factors leading to very low average yield compared to other parts of the world. General understanding of tropical maize is one of the key approaches required for improvement of tropical maize in SSA. Here an attempt was made to review various aspects of maize and major advances including the origin, taxonomy, genetics, morphology, physiology, cultural practices, yield potentials, breeding, and production constraints. The information generated could provide useful insights into tropical maize and might contribute towards enhancement of the crop for food security in SSA.
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: ZEA MAYS
Agrovoc: YIELDS
Journal: International Journal of Advance Agricultural Research

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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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