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Localized floods, poverty and food security: empirical evidence from rural Pakistan

Author: Ali, A.
Author: Rahut, D.B.
Year: 2020
ISSN: 2306-5338 (Print)
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/20823
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: MDPI
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Basel (Switzerland)
Issue: 1
Issue: art. 2
Volume: 7
DOI: 10.3390/hydrology7010002
Description: National level floods affect large sections of the population, and in turn, receive attention from the government and international agencies. Localized natural disasters, including localized floods, do not get the attention of the government and policymakers because their impact is felt within limited geographical areas, despite the fact that these disasters severely affect the livelihood of rural communities. This study examines the impact of localized floods on the livelihood of farmers in Pakistan using a cross-sectional data set collected from 812 households. The empirical results show that localized floods severely affect rural livelihoods, and affected households have lowered cereal crop yields, less income, and reduced food security levels. Farmers adopt a number of strategies, including crop and livestock insurance, bund-making, land-leveling, and tree planting, to combat the impact of localized floods. Among all these mitigating strategies, the tree plantation is ranked as the best mitigating strategy followed by crop and livestock insurance, land leveling, and bund making, respectively. Education, wealth, access to non-governmental organizations (NGOs), extension services, and infrastructure, influence the adoption of measures to mitigate the effect of flood risks. National policy on localized flood risks needs to strengthen local institutions to provide support to families and extension services to train farmers to mitigate the impact of localized floods.
Country of Focus: PAKISTAN
Agrovoc: FLOODING
Agrovoc: RURAL AREAS
Agrovoc: LIVELIHOODS
Agrovoc: RISK MANAGEMENT
Journal: Hydrology


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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