Show simple item record

Does farm structure affect rural household incomes? Evidence from Tanzania

Author: Chamberlin, J.
Author: Jayne, T.S.
Year: 2020
ISSN: 0306-9192 (Print)
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/20649
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: London (United Kingdom)
Issue: art. 101805
Volume: 90
DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2019.101805
Description: Many African countries have recently experienced rapid growth in the numbers of medium- and large-scale farms. These developments have generated considerable speculation about the impacts of farmland concentration and inequality on smallholder households and communities. This study exploits inter-district variation in farm landholding patterns in Tanzania to determine how differences in localized farmland structure affect rural household incomes using nationally representative household panel survey data. Because farm structure is a multifaceted concept, five alternative indicators of farmland structure are defined for 142 districts in Tanzania: (i) the Gini coefficient; (ii) skewness; (iii) coefficient of variation; (iv) share of controlled farmland under medium-scale farms; and (v) share of controlled farmland under large farms. These alternative farm structure variables are included in models of rural household income to test their effects after controlling for available household and community covariates. The study highlights four main findings. First, most indicators of farmland concentration are positively associated with rural household incomes. Second, household incomes from farm and non-farm sources are positively and significantly associated with the share of land in the district controlled by farms in the 5?10 and 5?20 ha category. Third, these positive spillover benefits are smaller and less statistically significant in districts with a relatively high share of farmland controlled by farms over 20 ha in size. Fourth, poor rural households are least able to capture the positive spillovers generated by medium-scale farms and by concentrated farmland patterns.
Country of Focus: UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
Agrovoc: HOUSEHOLD INCOME
Agrovoc: FARM STRUCTURE
Agrovoc: LAND CONCENTRATION
Agrovoc: FARM SIZE
Notes: The dataset related with this article is only referential
Related Datasets: https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S030691921930627X-mmc1.docx
Journal: Food Policy


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

Show simple item record