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Learning adaptation to climate change from past climate extremes: evidence from recent climate extremes in Haryana, India

Author: Aryal, J.P.
Author: Jat, M.L
Author: Sapkota, T.B.
Author: Rahut, D.B.
Author: Rai, M.
Author: Jat, H.S.
Author: Sharma, P.C.
Author: Stirling, C.
Year: 2020
ISSN: 1756-8692
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/20580
Abstract: Conservation agriculture-based wheat production system (CAW) can serve as an ex ante measure to minimize loss due to climate risks, especially the extreme rainfall during the wheat production season in India. This study aims to examine whether farmers learn from their past experiences of exposure to climate extremes and use the knowledge to better adapt to future climate extremes. to better adapt to future climate extremes. Design/methodology/approach – The authors used data collected from 184 farmers from Haryana over three consecutive wheat seasons from 2013-2014 to 2015-2016 and multivariate logit model to analyse the driver of the adoption of CAW as an ex ante climate risk mitigating strategies based on their learning and censored Tobit model to analyse the intensity of adoption of CAW as an ex ante climate risk mitigation strategy. Farmer’s knowledge and key barriers to the adoption of CAW were determined through focus group discussions. The analysis shows that the majority of farmers who had applied CAW in the year 2014-2015 (a year with untimely excess rainfall during the wheat season) have continued to practice CAW and have increased the proportion of land area allocated to it. Many farmers shifted from CTW to CAW in 2015-2016. While farmers now consider CAW as an ex ante measure to climate risks, a technology knowledge gap exists, which h limits its adoption. Therefore, designing appropriate methods to communicate scientific evidence is crucial. – This paper uses three years panel data from 184 farm households in Haryana, India, together with focus groups discussions with farmers and interviews with key informants to assess if farmers learn adaptation to climate change from past climate extremes.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
Pages: 128-146
Issue: 1
Volume: 12
DOI: 10.1108/IJCCSM-09-2018-0065
Country of Focus: INDIA
Agrovoc: CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
Agrovoc: CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE
Agrovoc: EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Journal: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management


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  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

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