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Costs of diesel pump irrigation systems in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains: what options exist for efficiency gains?

Author: Foster, T.
Author: Adhkari, R.
Author: Urfels, A.
Author: Adhikari, S.
Author: Krupnik, T.J.
Year: 2019
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/20577
Abstract: Groundwater irrigation plays a critical role in supporting food security, rural livelihoods and economic development in South Asia. Yet, large disparities in groundwater access and use remain across the region. In the Western Indo-Gangetic Plains (WIGP) of India and Pakistan, subsidized rural electrification and fuel for groundwater pumping has enabled significant growth in agricultural productivity over recent decades (Shah 2007). In many areas, groundwater development has however also contributed to over-extraction and aquifer depletion, especially in the WIGP (MacDonald et al. 2016; Mukherjee et el., 2017). In contrast, groundwater resources in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains (EIGP) of Nepal and eastern India remain underexploited; current aggregated rates and areas of irrigation also appear to be only a fraction of estimated development potential (Saha et al., 2016). This limits farmers’ ability to grow crops outside the monsoon season, or to manage risks posed by rainfall variability and dry spells within the monsoon – both of which contribute to low productivity and rural poverty.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CSISA
Publisher: CIMMYT
Publisher: IFPRI
Publisher: IRRI
Publisher: University of Manchester
Serie: CSISA Research Note
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Brochure
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: 10 pages
Country of Focus: INDIA
Country of Focus: NEPAL
Agrovoc: IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
Agrovoc: PUMPS
Agrovoc: WATER USE EFFICIENCY
Agrovoc: FOOD SECURITY


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  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

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