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CGIAR Operations under the Plant Treaty Framework

Author: Lopez-Noriega, I.
Author: Halewood, M.
Author: Abberton, M.
Author: Amri, A.
Author: Angarawai, I.I.
Author: Anglin, N.
Author: Blummel, M.
Author: Bouman, B.
Author: Campos, H.
Author: Costich, D.E.
Author: Ellis, D.
Author: Pooran M. Gaur
Author: Guarino, L.
Author: Hanson, J.
Author: Kommerell, V.
Author: Kumar, P.L.
Author: Lusty, C.
Author: Ndjiondjop, M.N.
Author: Payne, T.S.
Author: Peters, M.
Author: Popova, E.
Author: Prakash, G.
Author: Sackville Hamilton, R.
Author: Tabo, R.
Author: Upadhyaya, H.
Author: Yazbek, M.
Author: Wenzl, P.
Year: 2019
ISSN: 0011-183X
Abstract: The history of CGIAR and the development and implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture ("Plant Treaty") are closely intertwined. In accordance with the agreements that 11 CGIAR centers signed with the Plant Treaty's Governing Body under Article 15 of the treaty, >730,000 accessions of crop, tree, and forage germplasm conserved in CGIAR genebanks are made available under the terms and conditions of the multilateral system of access and benefit sharing, and the CGIAR centers have transferred almost 4 million samples of plant genetic resources under the system. Many activities of CGIAR centers and their genebanks (e.g., crop enhancement, improved agronomic methods, seed system strengthening, and capacity building) are influenced by, and promote, the Plant Treaty's objectives. The continued existence and optimal functioning of the Plant Treaty's multilateral system of access and benefit sharing is critically important to CGIAR in the pursuit of its mission. However, the multilateral system has encountered some challenges since the Plant Treaty came into force. The successful conclusion of the ongoing process for enhancing the functioning of the multilateral system could increase monetary benefit sharing and incentives for exchanging more germplasm. In the meantime, increased efforts are necessary to promote nonmonetary benefit sharing through partnerships, technology transfer, information exchange, and capacity building. These efforts should be integrated into countries' and organizations' work to implement the Plant Treaty's provisions on conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources, and farmers' rights.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Crop Science Society of America (CSSA)
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place of Publication: Madison (USA)
Pages: 819-832
Issue: 3
Volume: 59
DOI: 10.2135/cropsci2018.08.0526
Journal: Crop Science

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  • Genetic Resources
    Genetic Resources including germplasm collections, wild relatives, genotyping, genomics, and IP

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